Citizenship, Inclusion or Exclusion?

ISBN: 978-1-84888-069-6
Edited by: Srdjan Jovanović Maldoran
File Type: eBook (.pdf)

In a rapidly changing world of fluid boundaries, national as well as ethnic, citizenship has become a paradigm of increased importance. Initially meant as a means of inclusion, with the rising levels of intolerance and xenophobia, will the concept of citizenship shift towards a paradigm of exclusion?

It is hard to imagine the world today without its borders. The borders are commonly borders of nation states, whose inhabitants are holders of various citizenships that we often identify with certain rights that the holder is privy to. These rights are primarily rights of inclusion, allowing the holder to participate in the social and political life of the state whose citizen she or he is. However, with the rise of xenophobia in not only contemporary Europe, but worldwide, citizenship has become a shifting paradigm. Ever so sligthly, the designation 'citizenship' is nowadays seen as an instance of exclusion as well. Should new immigrants get citizenship? Or should they be second-class citizens? What is the right-wing's response to the increase in immigration? Should the citizenship be restricted to those already enculturated in the exact culture of the state whose citizenship they wish to get? Or should the newcomers adapt completely to the new culture in order to 'deserve' their new citizenship? What are the responses and policies given by the states in their attempts to tackle this issue of rising importance? All of these questions, and more, have been asked in this volume, more often than not from the perspective of cosmopolitanism. With the development of the European Union and the idea of 'equality in difference', an 'EU' citizenship has been given the spotlight, and all of the questions posed above have become key issues in contemporary debates centered around citizenship.

Table of Contents

Srdjan Jovanović Maldoran

Part I National Identity and Belonging

The Impact of Autochthony on Practices of Belonging in the UK
Rebecca Ehata

The Use of Christianity in Constructions of Australian Identity and Values
Farida Fozdar

Part II Politics of Exclusion and Citizenship

What Message does School History Send about Pluralism, Inclusion and Citizenship? A View from the UK
Terry Haydn

Citizenship and Passportism: Modern Means of Discrimination
Srdjan Jovanović Maldoran

Part III Practice of Citizenship

All Equal, All Different? European Citizenship and Emerging Opportunity Structures for Individuals
Rebecca Welge

Citizenship and Civic Values in Modern Russia
Anna Sanina

Part IV Otherness, Identity Anxiety and Xenophobia

Media's Made Criminality: The Construction of Moral Panic over Gypsies and Immigrants
Sílvia Gomes and Helen Machado

Above, below and between the Lines: A Critical Analysis of the Interplay between Articles and Online Comments on Immigration in the UK Media
Sam Bennett

Part V Forms of Empowerment, Forms of Inclusion

Transferring Knowledge: EU Migrants and Their Levels of Political Interest
Sebastian Netscher

Choices under Constraint: Agency, Autonomy, Emancipation beyond Citizenship
Marina Kaneti

Part VI Fluid Boundaries, Fluid Spaces

The European Capital of Culture Program as a National Identity
Tuuli Lähdesmäki

From Borders to Buffers: Euroregions and the Changing European Border Regime
Aaron Martin

Part VII Embodying Citizenship

Graduate Attributes, Personalisation and Citizenship
James Moir

Part VIII Politics and Paradoxes of Inclusion

Immigrants and Politics of Inclusion
Gulay Ugur Goksel

Neither Included, Nor Excluded: Politico-Philosophical Reflections on the Paradoxes of the Production of Migrant Irregularity
Noelia González Cámara

Part IX Cosmopolitanism

Cosmopolitanism and Tolerance
Regan Lance Reitsma

Downloadable Content
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About the Author(s)/Editor(s)
Srdjan Jovanović Maldoran is a lecturer in history at Departmant of History at the Palacky University Olomouc and a Researcher at the Portal for Central-Eastern Europe and the Balkans at the University of Bologna. He is the Editor-in-chief at the Humanicus journal of humanities, social sciences and philosophy, concentrated on South-Eastern Europe, and a long-time columnist at the Belgrade daily Danas, where he writes about issues of politics, education and religion. His interests include practical and theoretical issues of citizenship, nationality, religion, ethnicity and language, as well as their instrumental misuse.

Key Words
Citizenship, exclusion, inclusion, EU citizenship, xenophobia, tolerance, intolerance, passports, pasportism, state policies, discrimination, bigotry.

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